Essays tagged with: basics

Polygyny

The state or practice of having more than one wife or female mate at a time.

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Polyandry

The state or practice of having more than one husband or male mate at one time.

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Polygamy

A marriage in which a spouse of either sex may have more than one mate at the same time.

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Symmetrical Family

A symmetrical family is a family that share male and female roles. For example a woman will go to work just like the man will, a man will take care of this kids and so will the woman. Basically sharing...

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Infant Mortality Rate

The infant mortality rate (IMR) is the number of deaths of infants under one year old per 1,000 live births. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.

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Extended Family

A type of family in which relatives in addition to parents and children (such as grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins) live in a single household.

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Nuclear Family

Nuclear family, also called elementary family, a group of people who are united by ties of partnership and parenthood and consisting of a pair of adults and their socially recognized children. The nuclear...

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Sociology and Journalism

Journalism is the gathering of news and information about the state of society, such as current events, trends and issues. Journalists report these news stories aiming to inform large numbers of people...

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Sociology and Common Sense

Sociology is concerned with studying many things which most people usually already know something about. Everyone will have some knowledge and understanding of family life, the education system, work,...

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Sociology and Biological Explanations

Biology or naturalistic explanations are those which assume that various kinds of human behaviour are natural or based on in-nate (inborn) biological characteristics, but if it were so then everyone on...

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Society and Psychology

Like sociology, psychology also studies people and has a range of research techniques and theories to support itself. However psychology tends to focus on the behaviour of individuals, why they come to...

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Feral Children

Feral Children are children who, for one reason or another, miss out on some important stages of human learning as they have been removed from human contact and the normal processes of human socialization....

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Social Processes

Social processes are the various influences that control and regulate human behaviour, and help to keep societies running more or less smoothly and with some day-to-day stability. Two important social...

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Secondary Socialization

It refers to the socialization that takes place beyond the family and the close community. It is carried out through agencies of secondary socialization such as the education system, the peer group ( a...

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Primary Socialization

Primary socialization refers to socialization during the early years of childhood, and is carried out the family and the close community. It is during primary socialization that children first begin to...

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How is an individual identified ?

An individual is identified by the following: ▪️ Their age ▪️ Their sexual preference ▪️ Their gender ▪️ Their education ▪️ Their nationality ▪️ Their religion ▪️ Their...

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Consensus Theory

The consensus theory is the approach adopted by functional sociologists. It seems society as a whole working unit, quite similar to a human body. It suggests that just like the human body where every organ...

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Conflict Theory

The conflict theory is an approach that sees society as having many social issues and differences, with inequalities in wealth, power and status. All creating conflict between individuals and groups.

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The Macro and Micro Approach.

The Macro approach is one that focuses on the large scale structure of the society as a whole, while the micro approach is one that focuses on individuals and very small groups of people.

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Social Policy

Social problems are tackled by the application of social policies. A social policy refers to the plans and actions of national local governments and various voluntary agencies designed to solve social...

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Social Problems

Social problems are matters that are in some way harmful to members of the society, and that need something to be done to sort them out or the social balance would collapse, causing a chaos in the society....

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Racism

Racism is believing or acting as though an individual or a group is superior or inferior on the grounds of racial or ethnic origins, usually based on skin colour or other physical characteristics, and...

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Stereotype

A stereotype is a generalized, over simplified view of the features of a social group, allowing for a few individual differences among its members. The assumption that all members of the group share the...

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Hidden Curriculum

"The Hidden Curriculum" refers to the attitude and behaviour which is taught through the school's organisation and teacher's attitudes but which are not part of the formal timetable.

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Social Control

Social control is the process of persuading or enforcing individuals to conform to the values and norms of a society.

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Role Conflict

Role Conflict is the conflict that arises between the successful performances of two or more roles at the same time.

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Consumer Goods

Consumer goods are products and services that people buy to satisfy their need and desires, such as food, clothes, furniture etc.

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Identity

Identity is about how individuals see and define themselves and how other people in their sociological environment see or define them.

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Culture

Culture refers to the language, beliefs, values and norms, customs, roles, knowledge and skills which combine to make up the way of life of any society.

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Social Term : Objectivity

Objectivity means approaching topics with an open mind, avoiding any king of bias, and being prepared to submit research evidence that could prove the research of sociologists of the past, wrong.

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Social Term : Value Freedom

"Value Freedom" is the idea that the personal beliefs and prejudices of the sociologist should not be allowed to influence the way research is carried out and evidence is interpreted.

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Socialization

Process by which individuals acquire the knowledge, language, social skills, and value to conform to the norms and roles required for integration into a group or community. It is a combination of both...

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Roles

Roles are the patterns of behaviour which are expected from people in a society.

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Norms

Norms are social rules which define correct or appropriate behaviour in a society or group.

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Values

Values are general beliefs about what is right and what is not.

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Customs

Customs are social behavioural rules that have existed for a long time.

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Social Institutions

Social institutions are the various social arrangements which are found in all societies. For example, the family is an institution which is concerned with arrangements for marriage, such as at what age...

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Sociology

Sociology is the systematic study of human groups and social life in modern societies. It is concerned with the study of social institutions.

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