The state or practice of having more than one wife or female mate at a time.
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The state or practice of having more than one husband or male mate at one time.
A marriage in which a spouse of either sex may have more than one mate at the same time.
A symmetrical family is a family that share male and female roles. For example a woman will go to work just like the man will, a man will take care of this kids and so will the woman. Basically sharing ...
Infant Mortality Rateyaebiz
The infant mortality rate (IMR) is the number of deaths of infants under one year old per 1,000 live births. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country.
A type of family in which relatives in addition to parents and children (such as grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins) live in a single household.
Nuclear family, also called elementary family, a group of people who are united by ties of partnership and parenthood and consisting of a pair of adults and their socially recognized children. The nuclear family was once widely held to be ...
Sociology and Journalismyaebiz
Journalism is the gathering of news and information about the state of society, such as current events, trends and issues. Journalists report these news stories aiming to inform large numbers of people through media outlets like newspapers, magazines, radio, television ...
Sociology and Common Senseyaebiz
Sociology is concerned with studying many things which most people usually already know something about. Everyone will have some knowledge and understanding of family life, the education system, work, the mass media and crime, simply by being part of and ...
Sociology and Biological Explanationsyaebiz
Biology or naturalistic explanations are those which assume that various kinds of human behaviour are natural or based on in-nate (inborn) biological characteristics, but if it were so then everyone on planet earth would have the same behavior regardless of ...
Society and Psychologyyaebiz
Like sociology, psychology also studies people and has a range of research techniques and theories to support itself. However psychology tends to focus on the behaviour of individuals, why they come to think and behave as they do and how ...
Feral Children are children who, for one reason or another, miss out on some important stages of human learning as they have been removed from human contact and the normal processes of human socialization. They remain unaware of human social ...
Social processes are the various influences that control and regulate human behaviour, and help to keep societies running more or less smoothly and with some day-to-day stability. Two important social processes are socialization and social control.
It refers to the socialization that takes place beyond the family and the close community. It is carried out through agencies of secondary socialization such as the education system, the peer group ( a group of people of similar age ...
Primary socialization refers to socialization during the early years of childhood, and is carried out the family and the close community. It is during primary socialization that children first begin to learn about the basic values and norms and other ...
How is an individual identified ?yaebiz
An individual is identified by the following: ▪️ Their age ▪️ Their sexual preference ▪️ Their gender ▪️ Their education ▪️ Their nationality ▪️ Their religion ▪️ Their income and the social class they belong to ▪️ Their occupation and ...
The consensus theory is the approach adopted by functional sociologists. It seems society as a whole working unit, quite similar to a human body. It suggests that just like the human body where every organ depends on the other one ...
The conflict theory is an approach that sees society as having many social issues and differences, with inequalities in wealth, power and status. All creating conflict between individuals and groups.
The Macro and Micro Approach.yaebiz
The Macro approach is one that focuses on the large scale structure of the society as a whole, while the micro approach is one that focuses on individuals and very small groups of people.
Social problems are tackled by the application of social policies. A social policy refers to the plans and actions of national local governments and various voluntary agencies designed to solve social problems and improve the life chances the citizens living ...
Social problems are matters that are in some way harmful to members of the society, and that need something to be done to sort them out or the social balance would collapse, causing a chaos in the society. They cause ...
Racism is believing or acting as though an individual or a group is superior or inferior on the grounds of racial or ethnic origins, usually based on skin colour or other physical characteristics, and suggesting that groups defined as inferior ...
A stereotype is a generalized, over simplified view of the features of a social group, allowing for a few individual differences among its members. The assumption that all members of the group share the same features, attitudes and behavioural similarities.
“The Hidden Curriculum” refers to the attitude and behaviour which is taught through the school’s organisation and teacher’s attitudes but which are not part of the formal timetable.
Social control is the process of persuading or enforcing individuals to conform to the values and norms of a society.
Role Conflict is the conflict that arises between the successful performances of two or more roles at the same time.
Consumer goods are products and services that people buy to satisfy their need and desires, such as food, clothes, furniture etc.
Identity is about how individuals see and define themselves and how other people in their sociological environment see or define them.
Culture refers to the language, beliefs, values and norms, customs, roles, knowledge and skills which combine to make up the way of life of any society.
Social Term : Objectivityyaebiz
Objectivity means approaching topics with an open mind, avoiding any king of bias, and being prepared to submit research evidence that could prove the research of sociologists of the past, wrong.
Social Term : Value Freedomyaebiz
“Value Freedom” is the idea that the personal beliefs and prejudices of the sociologist should not be allowed to influence the way research is carried out and evidence is interpreted.
Process by which individuals acquire the knowledge, language, social skills, and value to conform to the norms and roles required for integration into a group or community. It is a combination of both self-imposed (because the individual wants to conform) ...
Roles are the patterns of behaviour which are expected from people in a society.
Norms are social rules which define correct or appropriate behaviour in a society or group.
Values are general beliefs about what is right and what is not.
Customs are social behavioural rules that have existed for a long time.
Sociology is the systematic study of human groups and social life in modern societies. It is concerned with the study of social institutions.
The Break-even Chartyaebiz
A break-even chart is a line graph used in break-even analysis to estimate when the total sales revenue will be equal to the total costs, or the point where loss will end and profit will begin to accumulate. Usually, the ...
The 4P’s of Marketingyaebiz
The marketing mix is a business tool used in marketing and by marketers. The marketing mix is often crucial when determining a product or brand’s offer, and is often associated with the four Ps: ▪️ Price: What the price of ...
Equilibrium Price, Equilibrium in the Marketyaebiz
The equilibrium price is where the supply of goods matches demand or the price at which the quantity of a product offered is equal to the quantity of the product in demand. Equilibrium is the state in which market supply ...
Methods of measuring a businessyaebiz
Following are the methods of measuring a business: ▪️ Amount of sales turnover ▪️ Amount of profit ▪️ Capital employed ▪️ Stock market valuation ▪️ Number of employees ▪️ Number of shops/offices These methods however are not always completely accurate ...
E-commerce (electronic commerce) is the buying and selling of goods and services, or the transmitting of funds or data, over an electronic network, primarily the Internet. These business transactions occur either business-to-business, business-to-consumer, consumer-to-consumer or consumer-to-business. E-commerce allows consumers to ...
Entrepreneurs occupy a central position in a market economy. Entrepreneurs seek disequilibrium, a gap between the wants and needs of customers and the products and services that are currently available. The entrepreneur then brings together the factors of production necessary ...
A business arrangement in which two or more parties agree to pool their resources for the purpose of accomplishing a specific task. This task can be a new project or any other business activity. In a joint venture each of ...
A franchise is a business system in which private entrepreneurs purchase the rights to open and run a location of a larger company. The franchising company, or franchiser, signs a contractual agreement with the franchisee, explaining in detail the company’s ...
A limited company is an organisation that someone can set up to run their business, it’s responsible in its own right for everything it does and its finances are separate to the owners’ personal finances. Any profit it makes is ...
A partnership is a single business where two or more people share ownership. Each partner contributes to all aspects of the business, including money, property, labor or skill. In return, each partner shares in the profits and losses of the ...
A sole trader is the simplest form of business structure and is relatively easy and inexpensive to set up. A sole trader is legally responsible for all aspects of the business. They make all the decisions about starting and running ...
Nuclear Family Units and why they are dominant.yaebiz
The nuclear family has been described to be a family in which there are two parents in a heterosexual relationship with their biological children. Some sociological perspectives view the nuclear family as the dominant type of family unit, even with ...
Needs, Wants, Scarcityyaebiz
As you probably know, we all have needs and wants. Needs are things we require to live, like water. I’m sure you can live without a Rolex for as long as you live but you can’t live without water for ...